Is your child on-track with his/her developmental milestones?


At 0-3 months, your child…

  • Starts or stops feeding in response to sound

  • Begins to coo and make pleasure sounds

  • Cries differently for different needs

  • Calms down or smiles when spoken to

  • Seems to recognize familiar voices

  • Startles and reacts upon hearing loud noises

At 4-6 months, your child…

  • Notices music and toys that make sounds

  • Babbles in a speech-like way during playtime

  • Smiles during interaction with familiar faces

  • Laughs and giggles

  • Follows sounds with their eyes

  • Responds to changes in the tone of your voice

  • Makes gurgling sounds when playing with you or alone

  • Uses their voice to express pleasure and displeasure

At 7 months-1 year, your child…

  • Uses speech sounds to get attention

  • Uses nouns almost exclusively

  • Listens when spoken to

  • Communicates using gestures like holding up arms

  • Imitates different speech sounds

  • Says a few words, like “mama” or “uh-oh”

  • Understands simple commands like, “come here”

  • Shows anxiety when separated from main caregivers

  • Recognizes words for common items, like “juice”

  • Responds to the word “no”

At 1-2 years, your child…

  • Asks one- or two-word questions, like “more milk?”

  • Understands simple questions, like “where’s your bear?”

  • Has a growing vocabulary of 5-20 words

  • Enjoys simple stories, songs and nursery rhymes

  • Uses a variety of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

  • Identifies pictures or objects by pointing

  • Recognizes the names of familiar people, objects and body parts

  • Follows simple directions accompanied by gestures

  • Practices voice intonation, sometimes imitating others

  • Uses inflection and emotion even if speech is unintelligible

At 2-3 years, your child…

  • Explains experiences in short, 3-4 word sentences

  • Uses two- or three-word phrases to talk about or request things

  • Uses speech that is 50-70% intelligible to strangers

  • Understands between 500-900 words

  • Asks short, 1-2 word questions

  • Answers yes and no questions

  • Requests specific items by name

  • Has a word to communicate almost everything

  • Has growing vocabulary of 50-250 words

  • Begins to use verbs, plurals and past tense

  • Uses vowels correctly

  • Speaks in a way that is understood by family and friends

At 3-4 years, your child…

  • Imitates many words, phrases, sounds

  • Understands contrasts

  • Uses at least four prepositions

  • Uses speech that is 80% intelligible to strangers

  • Understands between 1200-2000 words

  • Answers simple “who?” “what?” “where?” and “why?” questions

  • Has a growing vocabulary of 800-1500 words

  • Speaks using 4- or 5-words sentences

  • Uses pronouns during speech

  • Talks about experiences and events in chronological order

  • Engages in conversations

  • Begins to identify colors and animals

At 4-5 Years, your child…

  • Pays attention to and comprehends short stories

  • Hears and understands most of what is said at home and at school

  • Tells stories that stay on topic

  • Communicates easily with others

  • Says most sounds correctly

  • Uses rhyming words

  • Names some letters and numbers

  • Uses adult grammar

  • Repeats sentences as long as 9 words

  • Uses speech that’s intelligible, even if articulation errors are present

  • Counts to 10 without help

  • Knows and understands opposites

  • Understands simple time concepts

  • Uses adjectives and adverbs in conversations

  • Repeats 4 syllable words

  • Has the ability to define common words