When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she may have a language disorder and may be in need of language therapy. Although receptive and expressive disorders are most common, there are several types of language disorders that can be diagnosed and treated by a language therapist. These include:
Receptive Language Disorder
A diminished ability to understand incoming information. A child with Receptive Language Disorder struggles to understand what is said to them, making listening and learning difficult.
Expressive Language Disorder
A diminished ability to express wants, needs or ideas verbally. Children with Expressive Language Disorder might have a limited vocabulary and struggle to produce complex sentences.
Auditory Processing Disorder
A disorder that affects how the brain processes spoken language. This makes it difficult to process verbal instructions, or even to filter out background noise.
Pragmatic/Social Language Disorder
A diminished ability to respond appropriately to social situations. This disorder can limit a child’s ability to communicate effectively.